1. Introduction to Emergency Medical Services (EMS)
Overview of the EMS system
Roles and responsibilities of an EMT
Legal and ethical considerations in EMS

2. Anatomy and Physiology
Human body systems (e.g., cardiovascular, respiratory, nervous)
Major organs and their functions
Basic pathophysiology of common medical emergencies and traumatic injuries

3. Patient Assessment
Scene safety and assessment
Primary and secondary assessment techniques
Vital signs monitoring
History-taking skills

4. Airway Management and Ventilation
Airway anatomy and physiology
Techniques for opening and maintaining an airway
Oxygen administration methods
Bag-valve-mask ventilation

5. Cardiac Emergencies
Recognition and management of cardiac arrest
Basic life support (BLS) interventions
Automated External Defibrillator (AED) use
CPR techniques and algorithms

6. Medical Emergencies
Assessment and management of common medical conditions (e.g., stroke, diabetic emergencies, seizures)
Allergic reactions and anaphylaxis management
Poisoning and overdose emergencies

7. Trauma Management
Assessment and management of traumatic injuries (e.g., fractures, burns, wounds)
Bleeding control techniques
Spinal immobilization
Transportation considerations for trauma patients

8. Obstetrics and Gynecology
Basic understanding of pregnancy and childbirth
Emergency care for obstetric and gynecological emergencies

9. Pediatrics
Unique considerations for pediatric patients
Pediatric assessment and treatment techniques
Pediatric medical and trauma emergencies

10. Geriatrics
Common medical issues in the elderly population
Geriatric assessment and care considerations

11. Special Populations
Assessment and care for special populations (e.g., mentally ill, intellectually disabled, homeless)
Cultural competency in EMS

12. Environmental Emergencies
Recognition and management of environmental emergencies (e.g., heat stroke, hypothermia, drowning)
Wilderness EMS considerations

13. Incident Management and Disaster Response
Incident command system (ICS)
Mass casualty incident (MCI) management
Disaster triage and treatment protocols

14. Communication and Documentation
Effective communication techniques with patients, bystanders, and healthcare providers
Documentation standards and requirements

15. Professionalism and Well-being
Stress management strategies
Professional development opportunities
Ethical considerations in EMS practice

16. Review and Practice
Mock exams and practice questions
Review of key concepts and skills
Test-taking strategies

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